Amman is the capital and largest city of Jordan.
It is the country’s political, cultural and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
Much of Amman’s tourism is focused in the older downtown area, which is centered around the old souk (a colorful traditional market) and the King Hussein Mosque.
The downtown area (known locally as the Balad) has been completely dwarfed by the sprawling urban area that surrounds it. Despite the changes, much remains of its old character.
For those seeking the atmosphere of the Old City, it is best to venture to the district east of Jabal Amman.
There, in the bustle of daily life, you can explore the capital’s greatest souks, fine museums, ancient constructions, monuments, and cultural sites.
The Citadel hill of Amman, known as Jabal al-Qal’a, has been inhabited for centuries, important as a military and religious site.
It dates back to Roman and Byzantine times, and later work was carried out in the early Islamic era.
Remains unearthed at the northern and eastern ends of the Citadel, possibly date back to the Bronze Age.
Sightseeing in Amman
The Citadel also is home to the Temple of Hercules which is said to have been constructed under the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius who reigned from 161-180 AD, is similar to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus.
Since Amman resembles Rome, as it is situated on seven hills, the city was a favorite place for Roman soldiers and officials.
Behind the Roman forum stands a Roman theatre – the largest theatre in Jordan – with room for 6,000 spectators.